The University started as a University College affiliated to Enugu State University (ESUT). With the attainment of a full University status in 1999, the department of medical laboratory sciences was established in 2001. The curriculum of the programme was done in line with the National Policy on Education and National Universities Commission minimum academic standards. The programme was also crafted in line with the guideline and curriculum Of the medical laboratory science council of Nigeria that regulates the practice of the profession.
Medical Laboratory Science is a dynamic profession that is designed to provide a broad-based fundamental scientific knowledge and its application. Such that the graduates are well equipped to meet with the challenges of modern scientific knowledge in Health Care and to enable them proceed for further training.
Students of this discipline in this level are exposed to the application of Medical Laboratory Science in key areas such as Medicine, Pharmaceutical Industries, Utility Department (e.g. Water corporations), Research institutes, food Industries as well as Diagnostic kit/Machine production.
The courses offered are designed to expose the students to core areas such as Clinical Chemistry, Haematology & Blood Transfusion Science, Histopathology & Cytopathology, Medical Microbiology, Parasitology/Entomology, Immunology/Immunochemistry as well as Instrumentation, Laboratory Management and Entrepreneurial Skills. Students are required to broaden their knowledge in their core areas by taking ancillary courses in Chemistry, Physics, Genetics, Mathematics, Statistics, Biochemistry, Anatomy, Physiology, Pharmacology and Biology. They are also expected to understand the working of Laboratory instruments and existing techniques, and to modify them where possible. The practical aspect of the programme prepares the student always to think in terms of diagnostic criteria in the assessment and evaluation of clinical samples. Students so trained will fit into any medical/diagnostic laboratories and other allied fields or they may be self-employed.
On the successful completion of the five years Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Sciences Programme and compulsory one year internship, preceding participation in the NYSC programme, graduates are registered as Associate members of the Medical Laboratory Science Council of Nigeria (AMLSCN). However, such graduates would have registered with the Medical Laboratory Science Council of Nigeria (MLSCN) as student members.
This Senate approved programme was drawn by Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, in consultation with the Medical Laboratory Science Council of Nigeria, to conform with the guidelines for Minimum Academic Standards of both the National University Commission, required for running the B.MLS programme in Nigerian Universities and that of the Medical Laboratory Science Council of Nigeria (the Professional regulatory body for the practice in Nigeria).
The main aims of B.MLS (Honors) degree programme in Medical Laboratory Science are:
a. To instill in students a sense of enthusiasm for the profession; an appreciation of its application in different contexts (in areas such as general medicine, food and beverages, pharmaceutical industries, utility department ( e.g water corporations), research institutions, etc.
b. To involve the students in an intellectually and satisfying experience of learning, studying and research.
c. To provide students with a broad and balanced foundation of medical laboratory knowledge and practical skills; performing effectively in clinical diagnostic services, academics and quality assurance; and function independently or in collaboration with other members of the health team in the care and management of individuals and groups at all levels of health care.
d. To develop in students, the ability to apply their medical laboratory knowledge and skills to the solution of theoretical and practical problems in laboratory medicine.
e. To develop in students through an education in medical laboratory sciences, a range of transferable skills of value in medical and non-medical employment.
f. To provide students with a knowledge and skills base from which they can proceed to further studies in specialized areas involving medical sciences.
g. To generate in students, an appreciation of the importance of Medical Laboratory Sciences in an industrial, economic, environmental, health and social contexts.
h. To generate students with the ability to produce biological and diagnostic reagents as well as being able to fabricate and maintain laboratory equipments.
i. To also empower graduates of Medical Laboratory Sciences with skills that will enable them engage in income yielding ventures, that is, a re-orientation from the take-a-job mentality to the make-a-job mentality.
The broad philosophy of training in Medical Laboratory Sciences should be:
a. To provide sound academic and professional background for the production of Medical Laboratory Scientists who would be capable of working anywhere in Nigeria.
b. To produce Medical Laboratory Scientists who would satisfy internationally recognizable standards and could undertake further training towards specialization.
c. To produce Medical Laboratory Scientists with sufficient management ability to play leadership roles and entrepreneurship in employing others, establishing self, and also in training and general practice of Medical Laboratory Sciences.
There is a wide range of interest areas in Medical laboratory science, which enables a person with specific interest, aptitudes and temperament, to select satisfactory careers. The divisions in to several specialties have created a room for a high level of competence even at the degree level. Although the students are trained as name for human biology practices, individuals who opted for microbiology options are also capable of working competitively in any microbiology establishment whether medical or industrial. For those who have a flair for teaching, these once can advance in degree and continue as lectures in the department. However, advancement in degree can be geared towards research in medicine and biosciences. Individual with basic required equipments can become self established after full registration with the Council complying with the Council standardization.